Author Topic: Frequently Used Terms  (Read 3550 times)

metta fou

Frequently Used Terms
« on: November 13, 2008, 06:23:31 PM »
Most of the terms set forth below are taken from the Pali language and listed here in roman pali notation. Unfortunately, limitations of this medium make it impossible to include the appropriate diacritical markings of the letters. To facilitate proper pronunciation of the Pali words one should consult another printed source which does include these markings.

The three trainings:

Sila-morality

samadhi-concentration, mastery of the mind

panna-wisdom, insight that purifies the mind

The Triple Gem:

Buddha-anyone who is fully enlightened

Dhamma-the law of nature; the teaching of an enlightened person; the way to liberation

Sangha-anyone who has practiced Dhamma and has become a pure-minded, saintly person

The three roots of all mental defilements:

raga/lobha-craving

dosa-aversion

moha-ignorance

The Noble Eightfold Path:

samma-vaca-right speech

samma-kammanta-right action

samna-ajiva-right livelihood

samma-vayama-right effort

samma-sati-right awareness

samma-samadhi-right concentration

samma-sankappa-right thought

samma-ditthi-right understanding

nibbana-the unconditioned, the ultimate reality which is beyond mind and matter (Sanskrit nirvana)

The three kinds of wisdom:

suta-maya panna-wisdom gained by listening to others

cinta-maya panna-intellectual, analytical understanding

bhavana-maya panna-wisdom based on direct personal experience

The three characteristics of phenomena:

anicca-impermanence

anatta--egolessness

dukkha-suffering

kamma-action; specifically, an action one performs which will have an effect on one's future (Sanskrit karma)

the Four Noble Truths:

the fact of suffering

the origin of suffering (craving)

the cessation of suffering

the path leading to the cessation of suffering

The five aggregates of which a human being is composed:

rupa-matter; the physical body composed of subatomic particles (kalapa)

vinnana-consciousness, cognition

sanna-perception, recognition

vedana-sensation

sankhara-reaction; mental conditioning

The four material elements:

pathavi-earth (solidity, weight)

apo-water (fluidity, cohesion)

vayo-air (gaseousness, motion)

tejo-fire (temperature)

The five hindrances or enemies:

kamacchanda-craving

vyapada-aversion

thina-middha-physical sloth and mental torpor

uddhacca-kukkucca-agitation and worry

vicikiccha-doubt, uncertainty

The five strengths or friends:

saddha-confidence

viriya-effort

sati-awareness

samadhi-concentration

panna-wisdom

The four causes for the arising of matter:

food

environment/atmosphere

a present mental reaction

a past mental reaction

The four qualities of a pure mind:

metta-selfless love

karuna-compassion

mudita-sympathetic joy

upekkha-equanimity

Satipatthana-the establishing of awareness; synonym for Vipassana
The four satipatthanas are:

kayanupassana-observation of the body

vedananupassana-observation of bodily sensations

cittanupassana-observation of the mind

dhammanupassana-observation of mental contents

The ten parami or mental perfections:

nekkhamma-renunciation

sila-morality

viriya-effort

khanti-tolerance

sacca-truthfulness

adhitthana-strong determination

panna-wisdom

upekkha-equanimity

metta-selfless love

dana-generosity; donation

Bhavatu sabba mangalam-May all beings be happy!

Sadhu, sadhu, sadhu-weIl said, well done; we agree, we share this wish

http://www.dhamma.org/en/os/osguide.htm
« Last Edit: December 05, 2008, 04:32:21 AM by metta fou »

 

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